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Female Genital Mutilation ; Warning: Very Graphic (FGM)

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

The purpose of FGM is to curb the sexual
desire of girls and women and preserve their “sexual honor” before marriage. The
massive mutilation is irreversible and extremely painful, and is usually done
to young girls.

Practiced in Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Oman,
Yemen, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, amongst
others, FGM is carried out with
knives, scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass or razor blades. The mutilation is
usually done without anesthetics. Instruments are usually not sterile. Mortality
is high.

The practice has dreadful
costs: many girls die afterwards, the survivors suffer their whole life from the
psychological and medical consequences of the operation. All are traumatized and
suffer from adverse health effects during marriage and pregnancy.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

Normal female genital anatomy
(from American Academy of Pediatrics,
PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 1 Jul 1998, pp. 153-156)

Type I female genital
from American
Academy of Pediatrics, PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 1 Jul 1998, pp.

“Type I
FGM, often termed clitorectomy, involves excision of the skin surrounding the
clitoris with or without excision of part or all of the clitoris (Fig 2). When
this procedure is performed in infants and young girls, a portion of or all of
the clitoris and surrounding tissues may be removed. If only the clitoral
prepuce is removed, the physical manifestation of Type I FGM may be subtle,
necessitating a careful examination of the clitoris and adjacent structures for

Type II female
genital mutilation,
from American
Academy of Pediatrics, PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 1 Jul 1998, pp.

“Type II
FGM, referred to as excision, is the removal of the entire clitoris and part or
all of the labia minora. Crude stitches of catgut or thorns may be used to
control bleeding from the clitoral artery and raw tissue surfaces, or mud
poultices may be applied directly to the perineum. Patients with Type II FGM do
not have the typical contour of the anterior perineal structures resulting from
the absence of the labia minora and clitoris. The vaginal opening is not covered
in the Type II procedure.”

Type III female genital mutilation,
American Academy of Pediatrics, PEDIATRICS
Vol. 102 No. 1 Jul 1998, pp. 153-156:

“Type III FGM, known as infibulation,
is the most severe form in which the entire clitoris and some or all of the
labia minora are excised, and incisions are made in the labia majora to create
raw surfaces. The labial raw surfaces are stitched together to cover the urethra
and vaginal introitus, leaving a small posterior opening for urinary and
menstrual flow. In Type III FGM, the patient will have a firm band of tissue
replacing the labia and obliteration of the urethra and vaginal

IV female genital mutilation,
American Academy of Pediatrics, PEDIATRICS
Vol. 102 No. 1 Jul 1998, pp. 153-156:

“Type IV includes different
practices of variable severity including pricking, piercing or incision of the
clitoris and/or labia; stretching of the clitoris and/or labia; cauterization of
the clitoris; and scraping or introduction of corrosive substances into the

The physical
complications associated with FGM may be acute or chronic. Early,
life-threatening risks include hemorrhage, shock secondary to blood loss or
pain, local infection and failure to heal, septicemia, tetanus, trauma to
adjacent structures, and urinary retention.13,14 Infibulation (Type III) is
often associated with long-term gynecologic or urinary tract difficulties.
Common gynecologic problems involve the development of painful subcutaneous
dermoid cysts and keloid formation along excised tissue edges. More serious
complications include pelvic infection, dysmenorrhea, hematocolpos, painful
intercourse, infertility, recurrent urinary tract infection, and urinary
calculus formation. Pelvic examination is difficult or impossible for women who
have been infibulated, and vaginal childbirth requires an episiotomy to avoid
serious vulvar lacerations.

well-understood are the psychological, sexual, and social consequences of FGM,
because little research has been conducted in countries where the practice is
endemic. However, personal accounts by women who have had a ritual genital
procedure recount anxiety before the event, terror at being seized and forcibly
held during the event, great difficulty during childbirth, and lack of sexual
pleasure during intercourse.”

female genital mutilation: appeal to the international dermatologic community
(International Journal of Dermatology 2002, 41, 253-263

Subjugation of Women and Child Abuse
Genocide, Slavery, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
Egypt (member of Arab League)
Syria (member of Arab League)
(member of Arab League)
Oman (member of Arab League)
Sudan (member of Arab League)
Somalia (member of Arab League)
Yemen (member of Arab League)
Mauritania (member of Arab League)
Djibouti (member of Arab League)
Iraq (member of Arab League)
(member of Arab League)
Islamic Republic of Iran

Typical tools for carrying out
female genital mutilation (DW-World, May 4, 2004)
| Others

Sterile mutilation,
performed in a hospital | Not sterile and no anesthetics

Female genital mutilation “is part of the Sunna of the
Mad Mohamad”-Warning: Very Graphic

Female genital mutilation “is part of the Sunna of the Prophet”

by sheikyermami on May 31, 2007

Two FGM Updates from MEMRITV. “Egyptian Villagers Explain Why They Circumcise Their

Following are excerpts from a television program about female circumcision in
Egypt, which aired on Al-Mihwar TV on May 10, 2007:
Interviewer: In the Islamic religion, and in the villages and neighborhoods,
it is always said that girls should be circumcised just like boys. Does it come
from the Sunna, or is it a custom or yours?
Female villager: Circumcision is part of the Sunna of the Prophet. We
used to bring a daya, and she would circumcise the children, but when the role
of the daya was abolished, we stopped. Now we take our children to the doctor,
and he circumcises them.


So it is the doctor who circumcises the girl?
Female villager: Yes. If a girl is not circumcised, she can’t stand it. When
she is circumcised, she is calm and has self-restraint. The circumcision
protects the girl and makes her calm.
Interviewer: So you think all women should be circumcised to protect their
Female villager: The Prophet said that the men go and wage Jihad for
a year. He said that girls should be circumcised so they can bear it for a whole
year until the men return. […]

And “Al-Azhar Cleric Farahat Sa’id Al-Munji
Justifies Female Circumcision: It Replaces the Chastity Belts of Ancient

Following are excerpts from an interview with Al-Azhar Cleric Farahat
Said Al-Munji, which aired on Al-Mihwar TV on May 10, 2007:

Sa’id Al-Munji: The Prophet said that circumcision is obligatory for
men, and is noble for women. This means that for the sake of her honor, a woman
can be circumcised. This noble act can be either carried out or not.

Moreover, this noble act is subject to restrictions nowadays. I once had a
discussion with a gynecologist, who said: “A man brought his daughter to me, and
I told him she must be circumcised immediately.” Why? Because he discovered that
her clitoris was so big that it was bound to cause her pain or bother her when
she reached puberty, and therefore, she had to be circumcised. He told me that
other girls came to him, and he said they should not be circumcised. Why?
Because their clitoris was normal in size, and did not bother them. It would be
crazy to deal with such a clitoris, which does not protrude to an extent that
might bother the woman, when it rubs against her clothing and so on…
A victim of genital
mutilation in Somalia: How is she able to endure such pain? [SPIEGEL PHOTO

Guys, all these things appear in Islamic law. Don’t think we are
making these things up. It all exists [in religious law] and is
determined… We say that if the clitoris is so on and so forth… What am

I saying? When the Prophet Muhammad met Umm Salama in Al-Madina – what
did he say to her? “Are you still doing what you used to do in Mecca?” In other
words, are you still circumcising girls, like you used to do in Mecca? She said:
Yes. He said: “Trim it, but don’t cut it off.” According to another version, he
said: “Shorten it, but don’t cut it off.” “Trim it” means leaving room for
sexual desire. That little bit on top, which looks like the rooster’s crest, is
shortened, but just the upper part. She needs to cut off the prepuce, the little
bit at the top.

“All Religions” means
“Muslims Only”

From Islam Online:

My profession is a gynecologist and during my work I examine women of
nearly all religions and nationalities. For few years I worked in Makkah as well
as in Kuwait where you could sample women of all religions and I found that only
Egyptians, Sudanese, and Ethiopians have this habit of circumcision.

* Makkah is ‘Muslims Only’- how this nutbag can claim that she
could ’sample women of all religions’ is a mystery.

Update: Warning Graphic Images!
17 January 2009

Clit-Cutting Tradition in

Warning: Graphic Images!

Female circumcisers and their attendants waiting in an elementary-school
classroom, where they do their work

* More Pic’s here

A Cutting Tradition

* Looks like the NYT has
removed the article. Here’s another link…

When a girl is taken — usually by her mother — to a free circumcision
event held each spring in Bandung, Indonesia, she is handed over to a small
group of women who, swiftly and yet with apparent affection, cut off a small
piece of her genitals. Sponsored by the Assalaam Foundation, an Islamic
educational and social-services organization, circumcisions take place in a
prayer center or an emptied-out elementary-school classroom where desks are
pushed together and covered with sheets and a pillow to serve as makeshift
beds. The procedure takes several minutes. There is little blood involved.
Afterward, the girl’s genital area is swabbed with the antiseptic Betadine. She
is then helped back into her underwear and returned to a waiting area, where
she’s given a small, celebratory gift — some fruit or a donated piece of
clothing — and offered a cup of milk for refreshment. She has now joined a quiet
majority in Indonesia, where, according to a 2003 study by the Population
Council, an international research group, 96 percent of families surveyed
reported that their daughters had undergone some form of circumcision by the
time they reached 14.

Tears are wiped from the face of a 9-month-old following her

These photos were taken in April 2006, at the foundation’s annual
mass circumcision, which is free and open to the public held
during the lunar month marking the birth of the prophet Muhammad.
The Assalaam Foundation runs several schools and a mosque
in Bandung, Indonesia’s third-largest city and the capital of West Java.
The photographer Stephanie Sinclair was taken to the circumcision event

by a reproductive-health observer from Jakarta and allowed to spend several
hours there. Over the course of that Sunday morning, more than 200 girls
were circumcised, many of them appearing to be under the age of 5. Meanwhile, in
a nearby building, more than 100 boys underwent a traditional circumcision as

According to Lukman Hakim, the foundation’s chairman of social
services, there are three “benefits” to circumcising girls.

“One, it will stabilize her libido,” he said through an interpreter.
“Two, it will make a woman look more beautiful in the eyes of her husband. And
three, it will balance her psychology.”

Female genital cutting — commonly identified among international
human rights groups as female genital mutilation — has been outlawed in 15
African countries. Many industrialized countries also have similar laws. Both
France and the U.S. have prosecuted immigrant residents for performing female

In Indonesia, home to the world’s largest Muslim population, a debate
over whether to ban female circumcision is in its early stages.

The Ministry of Health has issued a decree forbidding medical personnel
to practice it, but the decree which has yet to be backed by legislation does
not affect traditional circumcisers and birth attendants, who are thought to do
most female circumcisions. Many agree that a full ban is unlikely without strong
support from the country’s religious leaders. According to the Population
Council study, many Indonesians view circumcision for boys and girls as a
religious duty.

* But of course: none of this has anything to do with Islam,

* Read it


Warning: What follows now is very graphic:

Clitoridectomy; Wikipedia; The Age and Islam PDF Print E-mail


Written by Circe
Friday, 18 July 2008
Warning: Very graphic and disturbing content!
Surprise, surprise the Age (9/7/08) does its usual article concentrating on
‘female circumcision’, particularly the most horrific variety with the ‘gosh
isn’t it shocking but it’s nothing to do with Islam’…. The reality that Islamic
text/laws make clitoridectomy mandatory or
regard it as sunnah
(supported by Mohammad) or at least a worthy practise is

completely ignored. Also ignored are the many hadiths (which dictate day-to-day
life) that support the practise.
No-one claimed Islam invented clitoridectomy – the Arabs
practiced it at the time of Mohammad ..but to deny that it was taken up by
Islam, is promoted by Islamic religious leaders, is mostly practised by Muslims
and has spread around the world with Islam just shows the power of Islam in
stopping people (including UN groups) from telling the obvious truth – in the
case of Islam, there IS a religious base to the practice!!! Note: May 2008 the
Egyptian parliament seemed to have dropped laws making female genital mutilation
illlegal in Egypt (other laws re increasing marriageable age and reporting
families who beat their children were also over-ruled) (reference), though more
recent reports claim clitoridectomy has been criminalised with trivial maximum
sentences of up to 2 years jail and $1000 fine –AND it’s allowed in cases of
‘medical necessity!!! Conservatives maintain that Islam condones the removal of
a girl’s clitoris to tame her sexual desires and condemn the amendment as a
western import. (reference)
In a recent study in Yemen, of the 39 clerics who participated, 72 percent
wanted the practice to continue for reasons of religious mandate, virginity and
tradition. (Report on Female Genital
Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC)
>The sad truth is: FGM is performedall around the world wherever Muslim
communities are present
Clitoridectomy alone ensures a woman will never have an orgasm (this has
been medically proved) ie her right to full sexual pleasure is denied!! It is
the same as removing the penis. If the Islamic laws and text that support the
practice are constantly hidden, they cannot be eradicated and whenever those who
know Islam’s text and laws are in positions of power, they will be enforced
again! Pretending it isn’t Islamic seems good but is a dangerous distortion of
the truth. It is only pressure from the west and colonialism that has altered
‘Islamic’ behaviour but such western influence (leading to depravity) is
resisted and can be overturned.* Update:

Denmark: Mother sentenced in
FGM case

Some hope appeared when Wikipedia, which still tries to
excuse Islam, actually had the courage to state accurately that there was a
Shafi law (an important school of Islamic law) that mandated CLITORIDECTOMY.
And it also daringly referred to two hadith – there are many others but hey,
it’s a start!! Can we hope for more??
Islamic Law

“One of the four Sunni schools of religious law, the Shafi’i school, rules
that clitoridectomy is mandatory” (Wikipedia)

Yes! The Arabic version of the law states:

“Circumcision is obligatory (for every male and female) by cutting off the
piece of skin on the glans of the penis of the male, but circumcision of the
female is by cutting out the clitoris (bazr in Arabic)- (this is called HufaaD).
“ (Reliance of the Traveller, a classical manual of Islamic sacred law in
Arabic with facing English text, commentary and appendices edited and translated
by Nuh Ha Mim Keller (1994) p59. Note the English version falsely translates
bazr as ‘prepuce ‘ of the clitoris!!)

Sadly – Wikipedia fails to report the comment by Sheikh ‘Abd
al-Wakil Durubi in the English ‘version’ who notes:

“Hanbalis hold that circumcision of women is not obligatory but sunna, while
Hanafis consider it a mere courtesy to the husband.”(Reliance of the Traveller p

Note: ‘sunna’ means the actions and words of Mohammad, the perfect example
for all Muslims to follow!Sheikh ‘Abd al-Wakil Durubi’s comments show that
support for clitoridectomy is widespread across Islam, not limited to the
followers of Shafi Law!Sadly – Wikipedia also allows Sheikh ‘Abd al-Wakil Durubi to try the ‘it
really only means trimming the clitoral hood’ line. Of course, that’s why it
says ‘removal of the clitoris’ and naturally those illiterate Arab/Muslim
tribes-people past and present would have been right up with the fine detail of
female anatomy.
Often the clitoris is cut from babies when the clitoris is enlarged due to
pregnancy hormones and the ‘hood’ not visible (even the labia minora are just
threads and are often cut too) or the clitoris is destroyed by applying hot sand
and chemicals to it or it is grabbed and stretched out and sometimes a band
applied and rolled back along the clitoral shaft to fully expose it for cutting
—- hood, yeah, right!! They’ve all just been ‘mistaken’ for 1400 years!!
(until some westerner put them right??).
Wikipedia also notes:

In 1994, Egyptian Mufti Sheikh Jad Al-Hâqq ‘Ali Jad Al-Hâqq issued a fatwa
stating, “Circumcision is mandatory for men and for women. If the people of any
village decide to abandon it, the village imam must fight against them as if
they had abandoned the call to prayer.” [60] The Al-Azhar University in Cairo
has issued several fatwas endorsing FGC, in 1949, 1951 and

There has been ongoing endorsement of ‘circumcision’ but note the swift
switching of terms – it’s not female genital mutilation, it’s just harmless
female genital cutting FGC!!
Once again I will post this recent support for clitoridectomy (as in
On 12/2/2007 Al-Arabiya TV aired ‘Al-Azhar University Scholars Argue over
the Legitimacy of Female Circumcision Practiced in Egypt.
The debate was between Egyptian Al-Azhar University scholars Sheikh
Muhammad Al-Mussayar and Sheikh Mahmoud Ashur. The exerts are interesting
because they acknowledge the hadiths related to FGM -Muhammad Al-Mussayar
“All the jurisprudents, since the advent of Islam and for 14 centuries or
more, are in consensus that female circumcision is permitted by Islam. But they
were divided with regard to its status in shari’a. Some said that female
circumcision is required by shari’a, just like male circumcision. Some said this
is the mainstream practice, while others said it is a noble act. But throughout
the history of Islam, nobody has ever said that performing female circumcision
is a crime. There has been a religious ruling on this for 14 centuries.”
And this is why it is impossible to reform Islam … even if there attempts
from within they fail.
“First of all, there are reliable hadiths in Al-Bukhari and Al-Muslim which
support female circumcision. The Prophet Muhammad said: ‘If a circumcised woman
and man have intercourse, they must undergo ablution.’ Unreliable hadiths do not
cancel out the reliable ones. We have unreliable hadiths regarding prayer,
fasting, charity, and pilgrimage. Should we abolish prayer and charity just
because some hadiths are unreliable?..”Female circumcision is no less valid just
because it was practiced in Pharaonic times and in the Jahiliya. Islam accepted
some customs, which were harmonious with human nature, and rejected others,
which contradicted human nature.” (reported byMEMRI.org 27/2/2007
and FGMnetwork
Hadith: these apply to all (sunni) Muslims:
1) Wikipedia has the courage to note the hadith supporting the view that
clitoridectomy is sunnah – Umm Atiyyah was a known clitoris cutter.

Abu-Dawud Book 41, No. 5251: Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah: A
woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The prophet (peace be upon him)
said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more
desirable for a husband.

(Note: The powerful Mohammad did NOT stop the procedure yet he stopped
adoption so he could marry his adopted son’s wife Zainab, regarded as incest by
the Arabs because adopted sons were held as sons!)
Sadly – Wikipedia then allowed the usual excuse – it’s ‘weak in
transmission.’ (Isn’t this an opinion?) Funny then that it’s survived 1400
years, including revisions and influenced Islamic law!! Both the ‘science’ of
the hadith and this excuse are too absurd to waste time on!2) Wikipedia also
notes a hadith from the highly authentic, reliable Muslim collection:

Muslim book 3 No. 684: Abu Musa reported: There cropped up a difference of
opinion between a group of Muhajirs ….He (Abu Musa, the narrator) said: I got up
(and went) to ‘A’isha and sought her permission and it was granted…… I said:
What makes a bath obligatory for a person? She replied: You have come across one
well informed! The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When anyone
sits amidst four parts (of the woman) and the circumcised parts touch each other
a bath becomes obligatory.

Dr Yusuf al-Qaradawi: Whoever finds it serving the interest of his
daughters should do it, and I personally support this under the current
circumstances in the modern world.

Sadly it implies this is the only one – WRONG and it allows Dr. Muhammad
Salim al-Awwa, Secretary General of the World Union of the Muslim Ulemas, who
agrees that the hadith is authentic, to state the most absurd, convoluted,
twisted lack of reason to claim that silly Aisha, when she said TWO circumcised
organs (in the feminine form) she really meant one – the male one of course…
(see logical alternative explanation below)
Both Wikipedia and Dr al-Awwa might like to try these which show that the
circumcised parts were often referred to separately ie ‘when the circumcised
part touches the circumcised part’ and that both Aisha and Malik tracing
several different transmitters, refer to two separate circumcised parts and
that the instruction re circumcised parts and ghusl is reported in several sets
of hadith making it important! Remember, female circumcision meant cut out the
clitoris in Mohammad’s time!
a) Maliks Muwatta Section: Obligation to Do Ghusl when the Two Circumcised
Parts Meet

Maliks Muwatta Book 2 , Number 2.19.73: Yahya related to me from Malik from
Ibn Shihab from Said ibn al-Musayyab that Umar ibn al-Khattab and Uthman ibn
Affan and A’isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, used to say, “When the circumcised part touches the circumcised part,
ghusl is obligatory.”

Maliks Muwatta Book 2 , Number 2.19.74: Yahya related to me from Malik from
Abu’n Nadr, the mawla of Umar ibn Abdullah that Abu Salamaibn Abdar-Rahman ibn
Awf related that he had asked A’isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace, what made ghusl obligatory. She said, “Do you know what
you are like, Abu Salama? You are like a chick when it hears the cocks crowing
and so crows with them. When the circumcised part passes the circumcised part,
ghusl is obligatory.”

Maliks Muwatta Book 2 , Number 2.19.75: Yahya related to me from Malik from
Yahya ibn Said from Said ibn al-Musayyab that Abu Musa al-Ashari came to A’isha,
the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said to
her, “The disagreement of the companions in a matter which I hate to bring
before you has distressed me.” She said, “What is that? You did not ask your
mother about it, so ask me.” He said, “A man penetrates his wife, but becomes
listless and does not ejaculate. “She said, “When the circumcised part passes
the circumcised part ghusl is obligatory.” Abu Musa added, “I shall never ask
anyone about this after you.”

Maliks Muwatta Book 2 , Number 2.19.77: Yahya related to me from Malik from
Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used to say, “When the circumcised part passes the
circumcised part, ghusl is obligatory.”

b) Hajj

Maliks Muwatta Book 20 No. 20.46.161 – very long, all about penalties for
contact between a male and female during hajj –……………Malik said, “What spoils a
hajj or an umra and makes sacrificing an animal and repeating the hajj necessary
is the meeting of the two circumcised parts, even if there is no

Above hadiths from this SITE suggest that ‘circumcision’ of
females was normal for Muslims:
c) Tirmidi hadith:

Tirmidi hadith 166 Narrated Aisha; Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)
said: When the circumcised parts bypass one another (i.e. have intercourse),
taking of a bath is necessary. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) and I did
that and then we took a bath. (from ALIM CD rom)

Logical alternative explanation: Clitoridectomy was widely practised by
Arabs at the time of Mohammad; Aisha was an Arab; Mohammad had endorsed the
practice of clitoridectomy when speaking to Um Attiyyah (clitoris cutter) and
Aisha simply spread Mohammad’s instructions; hence it would be reasonable for
Aisha (probably circumcised herself) to address people re ‘washing after dirty
sex,’ to refer to the TWO circumcised organs coming into contact as this would
be the normal case. Malik likewise notes the same statements coming from Umar
ibn al-Khattab and Uthman ibn Affan and A’isha.d) As for female circumcision
(clitoridectomy in Mohammad’s day) being a sign of respect for women, and a
hadith where the women of al-Ansar were addressed endorsing female
circumcision, they are referred to in Dr al-Awwa’s paper ‘Female Circumcision
Neither a sunna, nor a Sign of Respect’ – ( I own a copy but it’s nolonger
Also Hadith in the Musnad by Ahmed Ibn Hanbal, where Shaddad Ibn Aws
reports that the prophet said:

“Cicumcision is a sunnah for Men, MAKRUMAH for women” (MAKRUMAH can be
translated as “noble deed” or “honorable”) cited HERE

These show that such hadith exist—call them ‘weak’ if you like!Shia
Foster states that female circumcision is rumoured to be common amongst
Shi’ite communities ruled by Hezbollah in Lebanon (Wikipedia)Judaism; Christianity:
Wikipedia may note correctly that neither Judaism
nor Christianity have text supporting clitoridectomy etc and notes that the only
members of these two groups that carry it out are those from Africa ie from
areas under considerable Arab/Islamic influence for 1400 years. Christian
converts from Islam sometimes continue the practice. Old WHO reports showed
much higher practice rates amongst Muslims in FGM areas than Christians but it’s
now politically incorrect to note this.
Sadly- Wikipedia refers to an extremist nut case who calls himself a
Christian in regard to FGC but fails to report the array of Islamic clerics that
endorse the practice, in full accordance with Islamic text/laws in the Islamic
world and the west. The false Christian-Muslim’ equivalence continues while
hiding the full extent of Islamic involvement.
Indeed further instances of
such practices are found in the Islamic world all the time and becoming more
prominent in Muslim countries where the progress of Islam was slowed by
colonialism eg Indonesia ( see ‘In the cut’ Sydney Mornig Herald January 13,
2004 and NYT.
‘A cutting tradition’ where practices vary from pricking the clitoris,
cutting/removing it or removing it plus labia with more destructive procedures
Note how the spread of FGM/clitoridectomy matches the spread of Islam –
Africa (NOT in the south where Arab/Islam didn’t penetrate initially);
Middle-East; Turkey; India; Malaysia; Indonesia…
Female Genital Mutilation in Indonesia – Let’s blame it on the Black
Will we blame the Africans for all of it? – surely, given the thousands of
years since the Pharaohs, it would have spread throughout Africa if we are to
only blame the Pharaohs who were generally not black, and the black
Irfan Yusuf blames an old Indonesian practice! ( Does Yusuf mean liar in
It’s practised in Australia- – will we call it an old Australian

practice? Dito Europe, America?
Australia’s Mufti supports clitoridectomy – do you think he’s ignorant of
Islamic text and laws?
Pamela Bone (who also thought clitoridectomy wasn’t
part of Islamic law!) referred to an interview with Sheik Fehmi al-Imam of the
Preston Mosque where she asked him about clitoridectomy and he replied:

“You probably don’t need it but women in hot countries do”!!! (Melbourne
Age 21/7/01 p7)

What’s the bet that the first person prosecuted for genital
mutilation/clitoridectomy is an African Christian or Animist – in an effort to
show it’s not Islamic!Including other forms of genital cutting helps to fudge
the relationship between Islam and clitoridectomy. Remember, when overtaken,
some cultures take-on the culture of their overlords particularly if there are
already some similarities (eg some African tribes) while others resist certain
practises (eg initially Christian Syria resisting clitoridectomy) so culture
does have an influence but in the case of Islam so does religion (religious
culture!!). So, the fact that a restricted few others perform
FGM/clitoridectomy/FGC (genitals have always been fascinating) and some Muslim
groups don’t, does NOT mean there is not a close link between FGM/clitoridectomy
and Islam.
  • Which religion has a law that makes clitoridectomy obligatory?
  • Which religion has a prophet who endorsed clitoridectomy?
  • Which religion has hadiths that support clitoridectomy/circumcision of
  • The spread of which religion is most closely related to the spread of
  • Which religion carries out most clitoridectomies the world over?
  • Which religion has an Australian mufti that supports clitoridectomy?

If you answered Islam to all, give yourself a tick!! But remember, it’s
nothing to do with Islam!!

Some articles on FGM/clitoridectomy on the site:

Comments (22)add

The Arabic version of the law states:

“Circumcision is obligatory (for every male and female) by cutting off the
piece of skin on the glans of the penis of the male, but circumcision of the
female is by cutting out the clitoris (bazr in Arabic)- (this is called HufaaD).
” (Reliance of the Traveller, a classical manual of Islamic sacred law in Arabic
with facing English text, commentary and appendices edited and translated by Nuh
Ha Mim Keller (1994) p59.

* Note the English version falsely translates bazr as ‘prepuce ‘ of
the clitoris!!)

Strict adherence to islamic values, of course! I was being rhetorical. If you
are still uncertain as to what good islamic values might actually be, those
values so superior to our Australian un-islamic values, the ever reliable dhimmi
SMH has printed a guide.http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/slaughtered-in-name-of-family/2008/12/05/1228257318380.html
I wonder if Keysar would care to comment? Which part of these much-vaunted
“values” should we attempt to emulate? Islamic “honor” or Islamic murder?
I also wonder if he has any comment on the 16 cases of backyard clitorectomy
reputed to have been performed in Queensland this past year?
Things to emulate from “islamic values”.
An article I recently read, relating to FGM, asks “whether groups that are
illiberal and sexist should be afforded group rights and protections by liberal
states, or whether, instead, sexist cultural practices and perhaps entire
cultures should be altered or allowed to become ‘extinct’.”
The author, Susan
Moller Okin, was discussing multiculturalism under the question,“Is
Multiculturalism Bad for Women?” and her conclusion, in terms of the barbarity
that has been sanctioned in order to appease politically correct, cultural
tyranny, is… YES, M/C has been bad for many women, usually those who come from
“3rd World” countries.
Like the students at the Brisbane school in question.
I watched video of
the poor little mites, 2 nights ago, trotted out to do what the adults can’t do…
defend islam. “See, how brightly they shine!”
Headscarf and other signs of
inferior status proudly worn, it was quite obvious that the student body is made
up of immigrant children and just as obvious that many of their parents would
have been from those ‘3rd World countries’ we aren’t supposed to be critical of.
Except if you are a Feminist academic, apparently.
About 12% of the schools student body (or their parents) come from Egypt.
“Egypt is the second most populous African nation and the most populous Arab
nation. Egypt is a leader in Islamic jurisprudence, and its citizenry is 90%
Muslim. Female circumcision (female genital mutilation or FGM) has been
practiced in Egypt for thousands of years and perhaps as many as 97% of Egyptian
“ever-married” women have endured the practice. Although there is disagreement
among theologians, fundamentalists continue to promote FGM as an Islamic mandate
for the preservation of women’s chastity.” (Source unknown) In fairness, the
Egyptians have made FGM illegal, as of ‘97, but reports from reliable sources
indicate that the letter of the law and the practice of it is lagging somewhat
in Egypt. Many tens of thousands of Egyptian women still face these horrors,
just without access to modern medicine!
The chance that some of Keysar’s charges have been cut up to placate some
primitive, religiously-inspired barbarity?
In MY AUSTRALIA, I don’t want to
run the chance that even ONE has suffered this barbarity. I guess that is
un-islamic, but I can live with it.
Keysar says upholding Australian law and
culture is a pre-eminent focus of the school. Well, as FGM is illegal in
Queensland and every other State, I suggest his school has a legal
responsibility to inform Authorities of cases it knows of.
In the abridged Table below, please note that Indonesia, from where this
school also draws a large number of its students, is rated as 100% in
instituting 2 forms of FGM.
Note also the likelihood of the remaining school
populace to be comprised of students from the other nations listed.

FGM Around the World
Benin – 16.8 – II
Burkina Faso – 76.6 – II – Performed throughout the country in all but a few
Cameroon – 1 – I, II
Central African Republic – 35.9 – I, II
Chad – 44.9 – II – Widely practiced in all parts of Chad.
III – Confined
to areas bordering Sudan in the eastern part of the country.
Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) – 44.5 – II
Djibouti – 90-98 – II – Performed on girls of Yemeni origin. III – Most
common among the Issa and Afar.
DRC (Congo)- Unknown – II
Egypt – 97.3% – I, II, III
Eritrea – 88.7 – I, II, III
Ethiopia – 79.9 – I – Commonly practiced among Amharas, Tigrayans and the
Jeberti Muslims living in Tigray.
II – Most commonly practiced form. The
Gurages, some Tigrayans, Oromos and the Shankilas practice this form.
Practiced in the eastern Muslim regions bordering Sudan and Somalia.
IV –
Referred to as “Mariam Girz” in Ethiopia, it is practiced mainly in Gojam in the
Amhara region.
Gambia – 60-90 – I – The Sarahulis perform this on girls one week after
birth. The Bambaras perform the procedure on girls between 10-15 years of
II – Nearly all Mandinkas, Jolas and Hausas practice this form on girls
10-15 years old.
III – The Fulas perform a procedure similar to Type III that
is described as “vaginal sealing” on girls from one week old to 18 years
IV – The Fulas perform this type on girls from one week old to 18 years
Ghana – 5.4 – I, II, III
Guinea – 98.6 – I, II, III, IV
Indonesia – 100 – I, IV
Kenya – 32.2 – I and II most common.
III – found in the far eastern areas
bordering Somalia.
Liberia – 50 – II
Mali – 91.6 – I, II, III (Type III practiced in southern areas of
Mauritania – 71.5 – I, II
Niger – 4.5 – II
Nigeria – 19 – I, II, III, IV
(Type I and II more prominent in the south;
Type III more prominent in north)
Senegal – 28.2 – II, III
(Type II is most common)
Sierra Leone – 80-90 – II
Somalia – 90-98 – I – practiced mainly in the coastal towns of Mogadishu,
Brava, Merca, and Kismayu.
III – Approximately 80% of the circumcisions are
this type.
Sudan – 90 – I, II, III
(Type III is most common)
Tanzania – 17.7 – II, III
Togo – 12 – II
Uganda – 5 – No information available.
Yemen – 22.6 – II, III
Type I – Circumcision is the excision
(removal) of the prepuce (clitoral hood) with or without removal of a part of
the clitoris (a.k.a. sunna circumcision).
Type II – Excision or clitoridectomy is the excision of the clitoris together
with part or all of the labia minora (the inner vaginal lips).
Type III – Infibulation is the excision of part or all of the external
genitalia (clitoris, labia minora and labia majora) and stitching or narrowing
of the vaginal opening, leaving a very small opening, about the size of a
matchstick, to allow for the flow of urine and menstrual blood. The girl or
woman’s legs are generally bound together from the hip to the ankle so she
remains immobile for approximately 40 days to allow for the formation of scar
tissue (referred to as Sudanese circumcision in Egypt; referred to as Pharaonic
circumcision in Somalia).
Type IV – Unclassified includes the p***king, piercing or incision of the

clitoris and/or labia; also includes symbolic rituals. The application or
insertion of corrosive substances into the vagina is also considered Type
Defibulation or deinfibulation – Cutting open the scar tissue that has formed
around the vaginal opening to allow penetration by her husband or for the birth
of a child.
Refibulation or reinfibulation or recircumcision – The sewing up of a
circumcised woman’s vaginal opening after childbirth or periodically during her
life when she feels as though her opening has gotten too big or loose.
Alternative rituals – An alternative to FGM in which the traditional ceremony
takes place without the actual cutting. In Kenya, girls go through a week-long
program designed as a coming-of-age workshop. This ritual is called “Ntanira Na
Mugambo” or “Circumcision Through Words.”
Introcision – A form of FGM/C that is practiced by the Pitta-Patta aborigines
of Australia where the vaginal orifice is enlarged by tearing it downward with
three fingers bound with an opossum string. The procedure is performed by an
elderly man when the girl reaches puberty. In other districts, the perineum is
split with a stone knife. Compulsory sexual intercourse with a number of young
men usually follows the introcision. Mexico, Brazil, and Peru reportedly
practice this form of FGM/C. In Peru, among a division of Pano Indians, an
elderly woman uses a bamboo knife to cut around the hymen from the vaginal
entrance and severs the hymen from the labia, at the same time exposing the
clitoris. Medicinal herbs are applied, followed by the insertion of a phallic
clay object into the vagina.

Islamic values or Australian? Frankly, the concept of “islamic values” is an
affront to every person who calls himself Australian.
There is no way to overstate this – the implications of allowing islam to
continue unchecked and cosseted by appeasing lawmakers, etc, MUST BE STOPPED, or
this country runs the risk of sliding into a dark pit of depravity such as it
has never known.
People of Australia – the time to fight for your country is

Female genital mutilation in Iraqi Kurdistan: “we will never stop because
Islam and our elders require it”

The mainstream media and Islamic advocacy groups in the United States
constantly tell us that female genital mutilation is a cultural practice that
has nothing to do with Islam. They do this despite the fact that the among the
schools of Islamic jurisprudence, Shafi’is consider circumcision obligatory for
women; Hanbalis say it is an honorable custom, but not obligatory; Hanafis say
it should be done as a courtesy to the husband. None of the three, you’ll note,
say that the practice is wrong, immoral, un-Islamic.
Anyway, the upshot of this situation is that while most Westerners take for
granted, if they’ve ever heard of female genital mutilation at all, that it is
un-Islamic, it remains only Muslims who haven’t gotten this message.
“For Kurdish Girls, a Painful Ancient Ritual,” by Amit R. Paley for the Washington Post,
December 29 (thanks to Morgaan Sinclair):

TUZ KHURMATU, Iraq – Sheelan Anwar Omer, a shy 7-year-old Kurdish girl,
bounded into her neighbor’s house with an ear-to-ear smile, looking for the
party her mother had promised.There was no celebration. Instead, a local woman
quickly locked a rusty red door behind Sheelan, who looked bewildered when her
mother ordered the girl to remove her underpants. Sheelan began to whimper, then
tremble, while the women pushed apart her legs and a midwife raised a
stainless-steel razor blade in the air. “I do this in the name of Allah!” she
As the midwife sliced off part of Sheelan’s genitals, the girl let out a
high-pitched wail heard throughout the neighborhood. As she carried the sobbing
child back home, Sheelan’s mother smiled with pride.
“This is the practice of the Kurdish people for as long as anyone can
remember,” said the mother, Aisha Hameed, 30, a housewife in this ethnically
mixed town about 100 miles north of Baghdad. ”We don’t know why we do it, but we
will never stop because Islam and our elders require it.”
Kurdistan is the only known part of Iraq –and one of the few places in the
world–where female circumcision is widespread. More than 60 percent of women in
Kurdish areas of northern Iraq have been circumcised, according to a study
conducted this year. In at least one Kurdish territory, 95 percent of women have
undergone the practice, which human rights groups call female genital
The practice, and the Kurdish parliament’s refusal to outlaw it, highlight
the plight of women in a region with a reputation for having a more progressive
society than the rest of Iraq. Advocates for women point to the increasing
frequency of honor killings against women and female self-immolations in
Kurdistan this year as further evidence that women in the area still face
significant obstacles, despite efforts to raise public awareness of circumcision
and violence against women. […]
Supporters of female circumcision said the practice, which has been a ritual
in their culture for countless generations, is rooted in sayings they attribute
to the prophet Muhammad, though the accuracy of those sayings is disputed by
other Muslim scholars….

Of course. But they don’t seem to be able to dispute the accuracy of those
sayings effectually enough to curb this practice where it is found among

Thousands of girls in Britain have suffered genital mutilation

Circumcision is “obligatory” for “both men and women” — so says a legal
manual of the Shafi’i school of Islamic jurisprudence, ‘Umdat al-Salik
(e4.3). This school is dominant in Egypt, where 97% of women have suffered
genital mutilation. The Hanbali school teaches, in contrast, that female genital
mutilation is not obligatory, while noting that it is accepted Islamic
practice; the Hanafi school calls it “a mere courtesy to the husband.”
In any case, the Islamic justifications given for the practice enable it to
continue. Yet in the West it is considered “Islamophobic” to mention these
Islamic justifications. However, the longer they are ignore, the more girls will
be mutilated in Britain and the West in general. Calling this an African custom,
as this article does, is a misdiagnosis, and like all misdiagnoses it will
contribute nothing toward a cure.
“Thousands of girls mutilated in Britain,” by Richard Kerbaj in the Times, March 16 or Jihad Watch

The NHS is to advertise free operations to reverse female circumcisions, with
experts warning that each year more than 500 British girls have their genitals
mutilated.Despite having been outlawed in 1985, female circumcision is still
practised in British African communities, in some cases on girls as young as 5.
Police have been unable to bring a single prosecution even though they suspect
that community elders are being flown from the Horn of Africa to carry out the
The advertisement will appear from next month on a Somali satellite TV
station much viewed in Britain. It features Juliet Albert, a midwife who does
the reverse operations, and promises, in English and Somali, confidentiality for
victims of female genital mutilation.
The advertisement was expected to help to undermine demand for girls to be
circumcised, and to popularise the reversal procedure, Ms Albert said. Thousands
of such operations have been carried out at specialist clinics and hospitals
around Britain and demand is growing slowly.
Female circumcision, which is done for various reasons, such as religious and
cultural traditions, can cause severe health complications including infections
and psychological problems. The procedure, predominantly carried out on girls
aged between 5 and 12, can range from the removal of the clitoris to the removal
of all the exterior parts of the vagina, which is then sewn up.
A study by the Foundation for Women’s Health, Research and Development
(Forward), estimated that 66,000 women living in England and Wales had been
circumcised, most before leaving their country of origin. The government-funded
research also found that more than 7,000 girls were at a high risk of being
subjected to genital mutilation in Britain.
Sarah McCulloch, of the Agency for Culture Change Management UK, said that
every year more than 500 British girls were having circumcisions. “A lot of them
are done in the UK, but some still travel overseas,” she said….


Mali: Women demand law against genital mutilation

Brava! But they will face an uphill battle, with opposition sure to come from
Islamic clerics. “Circumcision is obligatory (O: for both men and women. For men
it consists of removing the prepuce from the penis, and for women, removing the
prepuce (Ar. bazr) of the clitoris (n: not the clitoris itself, as some
mistakenly assert). (A: Hanbalis hold that circumcision of women is not
obligatory but sunna, while Hanafis consider it a mere courtesy to the
husband.)” – ‘Umdat al-Salik e4.3.
“Women Finally Demand Law Against Genital Mutilation,” from MISNA, August 7 (thanks
to JW):

Yesterday, some 700 activists, mostly women, have marched in favor of the
introduction of laws to ban the practice of female genital mutilation (FMG) in
Bamako. The demonstrators presented the request directly to parliament. The long
overdue initiative, organized by the Coordination of women’s NGO’s in Mali, was
repeated in other areas of the country, where more women also staged small
gatherings. “The rate of FMG in Mali is very high, reaching some
92%” said Nicola Giovannini of the “No Peace without Justice” NGO to

MISNA; the organization has been engaged in a vast campaign against female
mutilation alongside Malian NGO’s. Giovannini said that in Mali, there is a
strong political consensus for a law to ban the practice, but authorities have
so far suggested that Malian society itself is not yet ready to penalize this
terrible and very established practice. The participation in anti FMG protests
suggests that there is an ever stronger – if long overdue – desire for

Al-Misri on Circumcision

Baron Bodissey
I reported briefly
yesterday on the sharia requirement for female circumcision, as mandated
by Reliance of the Traveller, which is the authoritative law manual
under the Shafiite school of Islamic law. In the comments section on the post,
Inalienable Rights requested that I scan the page in question and post it so
that everyone could have a look.
I’m more than happy to comply, but a first brief introduction is in order. We
(that is, people who resist the Great Jihad) are routinely accused of distorting
Islamic doctrine, quoting material out of context, relying on “extremist”
sources that do not represent “true Islam”, etc. I’ll present the material here
as if I were establishing an evidentiary chain in a court of law, citing factual
material from creditable sources so as to present a case that could stand up
before a judge and a jury.
But this process represents Western standards of logic and legality.
None of it will stop me from being accused of “defaming Islam”, because anything
I do — even quoting authoritative sources on Islamic law — is defined as
“defamation” under sharia if it does not serve to further Islam.
That’s why the kuffar may be legitimately shouted down for quoting the Koran,
while Muslims may do the same freely. This is not illogical, and there’s no
contradiction: it makes complete sense, once you understand the basic premises
of Islamic doctrine.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Reliance of the TravellerThe
source I cite here is ’Umdat al-salik wa ’uddat al-nasik, or The
reliance of the traveller and tools of the worshipper
. It is commonly

referred to as Reliance of the Traveller when cited in English.
According to the title page, my copy is the Revised Edition (published 1991,
revised 1994) and is “The Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law ’Umdat al-Salik
by Ahmad ibn Naqib al-Misri (d. 769/1368) in Arabic with Facing English Text,
Commentary, and Appendices”, edited and translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller. The
publisher is listed as amana publications in Beltsville, Maryland.
Why do I consider this an authoritative source on Sunni Islamic law?
Because it is certified as such by Al-Azhar University in Cairo. There is no
higher authority on Sunni Islamic doctrine than Al-Azhar; it is the closest
equivalent to the Vatican that can be found in Islam.
On page xx of the “Documents” preface, we find this encomium (the Arabic
version, including official stamps and seals, is on the facing page xxi):
– –
– – – – –

Islamic Research Academy
General Department for Research,
Writing, and Translation
Mr. Nuh Ha Mim Keller
Amman, Jordan
Peace be upon you, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.
To commence: In response to the request you have submitted concerning the
examination of the English translation of the book ’Umdat al-salik wa ’uddat
by Ahmad ibn Naqib in the Shafi’i school of jurisprudence,

together with appendices by Islamic scholars on matters of Islamic law, tenets
of faith, and personal ethics and character: we certify that the above-mentioned
translation corresponds to the Arabic original and conforms to the practice and
faith of the orthodox Sunni Community (Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama’a). There is no
objection to printing it and circulating it.
The stamping of the pages of the above-mentioned work with the seal of the
department has been completed.
May Allah give you success in serving Sacred Knowledge and the religion.
Peace be upon you, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.
Composed on 26 Rajah 1411 A.H./11 February 1991 A.D.
General Director of Research, Writing, and Translation
Fath Allah Ya Sin
Jazar [signed]
Muhammad ’Umar Muhammad ’Umar [signed]
Seal of al-Azhar [stamped] General Department for Research, Writing, and

This establishes the unassailable credentials of Nuh Ha Mim Keller’s
translation of ’Umdat al-Salik.
In Book E “Purification”, section e4.0 “The Body”, we find on page 59 the
following text:
Reliance, e4.3
is the original Arabic, for those of our readers who read the language and can
translate it for themselves. For everyone else, below is an image of the English
side-by-side with the Arabic. I include e4.4 just to give you an idea of the
type of material covered by Book E:
Reliance, e4.3 and e4.4
here is the same text after it has been processed through the OCR:

e4.3 Circumcision is obligatory (O: for both men and women. For men it
consists of removing the prepuce from the penis, and for women, removing the
prepuce (Ar. bazr) of the clitoris (n: not the clitoris itself, as some
mistakenly assert). (A: Hanbalis hold that circumcision of women is not
obligatory but sunna, while Hanafis consider it a mere courtesy to the

As I mentioned yesterday, this section demonstrates that all four schools of
Sunni law consider female circumcision a good thing, and two of them list it as
I also mentioned that the original Arabic is more stringent than the English
version, in that it specifies excising the entire clitoris rather than just the
prepuce. I find further backing for this assertion in the Australian Islamist
, which reports:

Reliance of the Traveller, a classical manual of Islamic sacred law
in Arabic with facing English text, commentary and appendices edited and
translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller (1994) re ‘circumcision’ we find the Arabic
actually says –

“Circumcision is obligatory (for every male and female) by cutting off the
piece of skin on the glans of the penis of the male, but circumcision of the
female is by cutting out the clitoris (this is called HufaaD). “ (p59) (Shafi’I
(Note the English version is falsely translated as ‘prepuce ‘ of the

The Arabic word bazr does not mean “prepuce of the clitoris”, it means the
clitoris itself (cf. the entry in the Arabic-English Dictionary). The deceptive
translation by Nuh Hah Mim Keller, made for Western consumption, obscures the
Shafi’i law, given by ’Umdat al-Salik, that circumcision of girls by excision of
the clitoris is mandatory. This particular form of female circumcision is widely
practiced in Egypt, where the Shafi’i school of Sunni law is followed. Note a
comment by Sheikh ‘Abd al-Wakil Durubi in the English ‘version’ notes “Hanbalis
hold that circumcision of women is not obligatory but sunna, while Hanafis
consider it a mere courtesy to the husband.” (answering-Islam.org)
This is supported by several hadiths eg
Abu-Dawud Book 41, No. 5251: Narrated Umm Atiyyah
al-Ansariyyah: A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The prophet
(peace be upon him) said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a
woman and more desirable for a husband.
(Note: The powerful Mohammad did NOT stop the procedure yet he did stop the
Arab practise of adoption when he wished to marry his adopted son’s wife Zainab,
regarded as incest by the Arabs because adopted sons were held as

Anyone who reads Arabic is invited to check the image posted above against
what AIM says here, and see if you agree with it.
With this, the sharia justification (and, under Shafi, requirement)
for radical female circumcision is now clearly and fully demonstrated, and
constitutes a “fact in evidence”.
Case closed.

Besotted multiculturalist
anthropologists defend female genital mutilation



Related articles

2 Responses

  1. sadly circumcision is practiced mainly amongst the muslim communities, but it is said in the qur’an is not the truth… I’m a muslim girl, aged 20, from India and i didn’t know anything such as female genital mutilation before exposure to Internet…. I’m myself shocked and feel sorry for the people who practise that in the name of religion… it’s a myth offcourse, not religion… no religion teaches bad and harm… its a sad thing that most of the muslims practise such things, but thats what a few muslims do, not what islam teaches…. there are good people and bad people in all religions!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. These are truly impressive ideas in regarding blogging.
    You have touched some pleasant things here. Any way keep up wrinting.


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